1.What is Rutin?
Rutin, which is also known as vitamin P and rutoside, is a bioflavonoid that’s found in certain foods, including apples, figs, most citrus fruits, buckwheat and green tea. Like all flavonoids, it has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. It’s used as medicine to strengthen blood vessels, improve blood circulation, lower cholesterol and relieve arthritis symptoms.
Rutin is also known for its potential ability to promote the production of collagen and help the body to use vitamin C properly.
The name of the flavonoid comes from the name of the plant Ruta graveolens, which also contains this phytonutrient. Chemically, rutin is a glycoside that comprises flavonolic aglycone quercetin, along with disaccharide rutinose.
Rutin can be used as edible antioxidants and nutritional enhancers.
Rutin is a widely-sourced flavonoid, mainly found in the flower buds (glutinous rice), fruits (horns) of the legumes (Sophora japonica L.), and the whole grass of Rutagraveolenslens L. Peach and so on.
2.Specification of Rutin
|Botanical Source||Sophora japonica L.|
|Appearance||Yellow or greenish-yellow,crystalline powder|
|Solubility||Practically insoluble in chloroform and ether|
|Infinitesimally soluble in cool water|
|Sparingly soluble in boiling ethanol and boiling water|
|Dissolves in solution of alkali hydroxides|
|Specification||NF11 95%UV, DAB10 98%UV|
|Loss on drying||5.5-9.0%|
|Residue on Ignition||≤0.5%|
|Mesh Size||95% pass 80 mesh|
|Assay (anhydrous substance)||95% —101.5%|
3.How Rutin Work(Mechanisms)
Rutin is not an especially large flavonoid, but specific parts of its molecule interact with different systems in the body, such as the brain, heart, or blood vessels.
For example, rutin contains two bound sugar molecules, which enhance its antioxidant effects on the brain.
Overall, rutin acts by:
4.Benefits & Applications of Rutin
As all flavonoids, rutin is an antioxidant. It’s one of the most important and well-researched flavonoids. It protects the cells and has anti-inflammatory, cancer-fighting potential. By its widespread action, rutin can protect the heart, liver, brain, and bones.