White kidney bean is a variety of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), which contains a protein (α-amylase blocker) that blocks the breakdown and digestion of starch.
The active ingredient in white kidney beans which gets extracted is called phaseolus vulgaris, which effectively prevents the pancreas from secreting amylase. If 1.5 grams of the supplement is taken with a carb heavy meal, over half the calories coming from complex, starchy carbs will not get digested and instead will ferment in your intestines. The only side effect most people experience from this process is slight bloating and sometimes excessive gas.
White bean extract is widely marketed as a weight loss aid. The product is also purported to prevent obesity and reduce abdominal fat.
Not only touted as a natural weight loss aid, white bean extract is said to keep blood sugar in check, fight insulin resistance, protect against diabetesand heart disease, enhance athletic performance, increase energy, ease symptoms of arthritis, and aid in the prevention of colon cancer.
The main active compounds of white kidney bean extract are:
- α-Amylase blocker: also referred to as phaseolamin, this lectin acts as a carbohydrate blocker by preventing the binding of starch to the enzyme that breaks it down (α-amylase). This means that fewer carbohydrates are absorbed into the body.
- Phytohemagglutinin: this lectin binds to receptors on the intestinal lining and suppresses appetite by influencing the release of certain hormones (decreases ghrelin).
Other white kidney bean compounds that might be present in small amounts are:
- Trypsin and chymotrypsin blockers: block the protein-digesting enzymes trypsin and chymotrypsin. High-temperatures and pressure can destroy these blockers, preventing the digestive problems experienced when eating beans or taking in the extract.
- Phaseolin: although it is a very nutritious amino acid source, this protein can cause allergies.
- Saponins: these substances can have both positive (acts as an antioxidantand protection against fungi and viruses) and negative (reduced protein digestion and mineral uptake) effects.
- Phytic acid: its intake reduces the absorption of mineral nutrients and the digestion of proteins but enhances the immune system and can protect against some cancers.
- Arcelins: these lectins bind to a membrane in the gut of insects and prevent them from absorbing nutrients. No effects have been described in humans.
Specification of White Kidney Bean Extract
Loss on Drying
95% pass 80 mesh
Benefits & Applications of White Kidney Bean Extract
1) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT HELPS WEIGHT LOSS
The α-amylase blocker found in white kidney beans, α-AI1, is active against human α-amylases. This carbohydrate blocker binds to the α-amylase enzyme and prevents the access of starch. As a result, starch cannot be degraded and fewer simple sugars are absorbed by the intestines.
2) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT REDUCES BLOOD SUGAR AND INSULIN
In two experiments, subjects who took 1,500 mg and 750 mg of Phase 2 with their meal absorbed 1/3 and 2/3 of the carbohydrates, respectively, compared to the control group (DB-RCT of 11 and 7 subjects)
3) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT CURBS APPETITE
Beanblock (100 mg), taken with a meal after a 12 hour fast, reduced appetite, production of the hunger hormone ghrelin, and glucose and insulin rises in the blood (DB-RCT of 12 healthy individuals).
A combination of bean and artichoke extracts reduced appetite and blood sugar levels after meals (2-month DB-RCT of 39 overweight subjects) .
Beanblock supplementation reduced appetite, body weight, waist size, and oxidative damage (50 mg 2x/day for 12 weeks, DB-RCT of 60 overweight individuals) .
In two rat studies and one mice study, intake of Beanblock reduced food consumption
4) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT REDUCES FATTY MOLECULE LEVELS IN THE BLOOD
Phase 2 (two 150 mg capsules, a 3x/day for 9 months) increased the elimination of fats (triglycerides) in feces and reduced the levels of cholesterol and the protein that carries it to the blood vessels (LDL) in the blood (DB-RCT of 62 overweight and obese individuals) .
Phase 2 (1,500 mg, 2x/ day for 8 weeks) had no effect on weight loss but reduced blood triglyceride levels (DB-RCT of 27 obese subjects)
5) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT HELPS PREVENT CAVITIES AND BLEEDING GUMS
The α-amylases produced by the salivary glands have the following effects in the mouth:
- They begin the digestion of complex carbohydrates, thus increasing the availability of simple sugars.
- The α-amylases bind to mouth bacteria (such as Viridans streptococci) and help them break down carbohydrates into simple sugars that they use as a food source. Bacteria produce acids, which dissolve tooth enamel and form cavities.
- They bind to enamel and promote the formation of teeth plaque by bacteria. Plaque buildup can lead to bleeding gums and cavities.
By blocking α-amylases, white kidney bean extract may help prevent cavities and bleeding gums.
6) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT MAY HELP PREVENT COLON CANCER
Non-digested starch may act similarly to fiber in the large intestine and thus help prevent colon cancer .
Rats given a cancer-causing compound had lower incidences of colon cancer and multiplying tumor cells when fed a diet containing beans compared to rats on a regular diet.
A purified white kidney bean lectin prevented cancer cell growth and increased cell death (skin and liver cancer cell lines) .
7) WHITE KIDNEY BEAN EXTRACT MAY REDUCE THE RISK OF BLOOD CLOTS
Bean extract reduced the clumping of platelet cells. White kidney bean extract may thus reduce the formation of blood clots, although studies in humans are needed to verify these findings.